Exposure Assessments of Benzoate Preservatives in Foods Consumed in Indonesia

Y. Oktaviany1,2, N. Andarwulan2,3,* and P.E. Giriwono2,3

1National Agency for Drug and Food Control, Jakarta, Indonesia

2Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Indonesia

3Southeast Asian Food and Agricultural Science and Technology Center, Bogor, Indonesia

*Corresponding author: Fax: +62 251 8629535; Tel: +62 251 8629903; E-mail: andarwulan@apps.ipb.ac.id

Abstract

An exposure assessment was performed to estimate the potentially intake of benzoate preservatives in the Indonesian population. Food consumption data of six different population groups, such as children aged 0-59 months, school-age children, adolescent, adult, elderly and all ages were used for calculation based on the 2014 Indonesia Individual Food Consumption Survey. Levels of benzoate in food were derived from food registration in NADFC from 2012 to 2016. Dietary intakes of the preservatives were estimated and compared to respective acceptable daily intakes using an average intake scenario and assuming that concentration of benzoate in food is at the highest level based on regulation, level used and result of product test, estimated dietary intakes of all studied are well below ADI for all different population age groups (7.40-57.40 % of ADI) show no safety concern for benzoate exposure. Major contributors to the total intake of exposure were beverages and condiments.

Keywords

Benzoate, Exposure assessment, Deterministic, Individual Food Consumption Survey.

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