Synthesis and Catalytic Activity of Magnesium Hydroxide Fluorides for Production of Biodiesel: Influence of Different Mg/F Ratios

S. Indrayanah1, R. Ediati1, D. Hartanto1, I.N. Marsih2 and I.K. Murwani1,*

1Departemen Kimia, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember Kampus ITS Sukolilo-Surabaya 60111, Indonesia

2Jurusan Kimia, Institut Teknologi Bandung Kampus ITB JL. Ganesha 10-Bandung 40132, Indonesia

*Corresponding author: Fax: +62 31 592 8314; Tel: +62 31 594 3353; E-mail: irmina@chem.its.ac.id

Abstract

The magnesium hydroxide fluorides having formula MgFx(OH)2-x with diverse Mg/F ratios were prepared by fluorolytic sol-gel method. The XRD, FT-IR, SEM, nitrogen adsorption-desorption, TG/DTG and pyridine FT-IR were performed to study properties and characteristics of samples. Based on the characterization results, the samples show dissimilar structure, thermal stability, porosity, surface acidity and morphology. In addition, the average pore diameter and total pore volume of the MgFx(OH)2-x decrease with increase in fluorine contents. The activity of solids as heterogeneous catalyst for production of biodiesel from used frying oil exhibits that MgFx(OH)2-x with Mg/F ratio of 1:2 gives higher yield of biodiesel (75.29 %) compared to MgFx(OH)2-x (x < 2). The higher activity of MgFx(OH)2-x (x = 2) catalyst for biodiesel production can be attributed to acid sites (Lewis and Brønsted), average pore diameter and total pore volume. Moreover, performance of catalyst decreases after three cycles.

Keywords

Magnesium hydroxide fluorides, Sol gel method, Heterogeneous catalyst, Biodiesel, Used frying oil.

   View Article PDF File Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.