Bioactive Glucans from Edible Mushrooms: A Review

Kaushik Ghosh1 and Soumitra Mondal2,*

1Department of Chemistry, Ghatal Rabindra Satabarsiki Mahavidyalaya, Ghatal, Paschim Medinipur-721212, India

2Department of Chemistry, Panskura Banamali College, Panskura, Purba Medinipur-721152, India

*Corresponding author: E-mail: mondalsoumitra78@yahoo.com

Abstract

Health promoting glucans are natural polysaccharides obtained from fungi, yeast, bacteria and plants. The glucans showed different pharmacological activities like immunomodulatory, antibacterial, antiviral and antitumor/cancer effects. A high level of biological activity was found in glucans, especially β-(13)-D-glucans, β-(16)-D-glucans and β-(13), (16)-D-glucans from some edible mushrooms and branched glucans having large molecular weights can also activate immune cells. The (1→3)-β-glucans are attractive materials not only in biotechnology but also in nanotechnology due to its strong helix-forming character. This review summarized the available knowledge of the structure of glucans, along with biological activities from different mushrooms.

Keywords

Glucans, Polysaccharides, Mushrooms, Bioactive.

   View Article PDF File Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.