Enhanced Antimicrobial and Cytotoxicity on Cancer Cell using Bio-Originated Selenium Nanoparticles

A. Dhivya1, Rakhi Yadav1,* and K. Pandian2

1Department of Chemistry, Madras Christian College, University of Madras, East Tambaram, Chennai-600059, India

2Department of Inorganic chemistry, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai-600025, India

*Corresponding author: Email: rakhiyadavres@yahoo.co.in

Abstract

Present work describes the bio-originated synthesis of selenium nanoparticles using seed extract of Cassia angustifolia. The biological macromolecules in seed extract react with metal ions to generate selenium nanoparticles. The seed extract acts as reducing, capping and stabilizing agents. The selenium nanoparticles produced by the plant extract are amorphous, nearly spherical in shape and held together by protein coating in a range of about 80-100 nm in size, under ambient conditions. The structural properties of selenium nanoparticles were characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy, FTIR, XRD, FESEM with EDAX, HRTEM and AFM. Antibacterial and antifungal activity of selenium nanoparticles were tested against four bacterial and two fungal strains using standard agar-well diffusion method. The zone of inhibition was observed in the selenium nanoparticles against different microbes and suggested that the bio-originated selenium nanoparticles act as an effective antibacterial and antifungal agent, so it has a great latent in the preparation of drugs used against pathogenic diseases. The cytotoxicity of bio-originated selenium nanoparticles was tested under in vitro conditions on Vero cell line and had compared with MDA-MB231 cancer cell line at different concentrations and the results had proved that bio-originated synthesis selenium nanoparticles can inhibit the growth of human breast-cancer cells by concentration-dependent manner.

Keywords

Biooriginated synthesis, Selenium nanoparticles, Cassia angustifolia, Antimicrobial activity, Cytotoxicity.

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