Influence of Strontium on the Structural and Dielectric Properties of Hydrothermally Processed PbTiO3 Ceramic

E.H. Lahrar1,*, O. El Ghadraoui1, A. Harrach1, M. Zouhairi3, T. Lamcharfi2 and E.H. El Ghadraoui1

1Chemistry of Condenser Matter Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences and Technologies, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, B.P. 2202, Fez, Morocco

2Signals, Systems and Components Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences and Technologies, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, B.P. 2202, Fez, Morocco

3Team of Materials, Membranes and Separation Processes, Faculty of Sciences, Moulay Ismail University of Meknes, Meknes city, Morocco

*Corresponding author: Tel: +212 13 447889; E-mail: lahrarhoucine@gmail.com

Abstract

Perovskite ceramic materials of the composition Pb1-xSrxTiO3 (PSxT) were prepared by hydrothermal process at a relatively low temperature. The solution of KOH favours the solubility of the precursors in solid state. Pressure and temperature are critical factors for the formation of pure perovskite PSxT phase. The reaction mixture in stoichiometric amount is put in an autoclave and treated at 180 ºC for 24 h. The powder obtained after grinding is treated at 400 ºC for 4 h. X-ray diffraction shows that the compounds crystallize in a pure phase of perovskite type. SEM morphology indicates a homogeneous microstructure of the grains with the presence of pores. The impedance spectroscopy study in the frequency range (1 KHz − 2 MHz) confirms the insertion of stronium into the lead titanate matrix and highlights the strontium effect on the transition temperature (Tc) and the value of dielectric permittivity (εr).

Keywords

Strontium, Lead titanate, Ferroelectric, Hydrothermal process, Dielectric permittivity.

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