Insecticidal and Repellant Activities of Southeast Asia Plants towards Insect Pests: A Review

N.H. Albariman1,*,, S.F. Sabran1,2,, N.W. Othman3, N. Ishak4, A.S. Dheyab1 and N. Anjur1

1Department of Technology and Natural Resources, Faculty of Applied Sciences and Technology (FAST), Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Pagoh Educational Hub, Pagoh, Muar, Johor 84600, Malaysia

2Centre of Research for Sustainable Uses of Natural Resources (CoR-SUNR), Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Pagoh Educational Hub, Pagoh, Muar, Johor 84600, Malaysia

3Centre for Insect Systematics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, UKM, Bangi, Selangor 43600, Malaysia

4Department of Science and Technology, Faculty Innovation Business and Technology, Kolej Universiti Islam Melaka (KUIM), 78200 Melaka, Malaysia

*Corresponding author: Fax: +606 9742190; Tel: +606 9745134; E-mail: fatimahsb@uthm.edu.my; fatimahsabd7@gmail.com

Abstract

Crops are being damaged by several plant pests. Several strategies have been developed to restrict the damage of cultivated plants by using synthetic pesticides and repellants. However, the use to control these insects is highly discouraged because of their risks on humans. Therefore, several alternatives have been developed from plant extracts to protect crops from plant pests. Accordingly, this review focuses on outlining the insecticidal and repellant activities of Southeast Asia plants towards insect pests. Several extracts of plants from Southeast Asia were investigated to explore their insecticidal and repellant activities. Azadiracha indica (neem) and Piper species were highly considered for their insecticidal and repellant activities compared to other plants. This review also addressed the investigation on extracts of other plant species that were reported to exert insecticidal and repellant activities. Most of the conducted studies have been still in the primarily stage of investigation, lacking a focus on the insecticidal and repellant spectrum and the identification of the active constituents which are responsible for the insecticidal and repellant activity.

Keywords

Insecticides, Repellants, Pests, Phytochemicals, Southeast Asia.

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