Survey and Quantification of Household Waste in Tsévié City, Togo

Essowè Kondoh1,2,, Koledzi K. Edem1,2,, Magnoudéwa Bassaï Bodjona1,2,*,, Koffi Ani Kili1,2, and Gado Tchangbedji1,2,

1Laboratoire Gestion, Traitement et Valorisation des Déchets (GTVD), Faculté Des Sciences, University of Lomé, BP 1515 Lomé, Togo

2Centre d′Excellence Régional sur les Villes Durables en Afrique (CERViDA-DOUNEDON), University of Lomé, BP 1515, Lomé, Togo

*Corresponding author: Tel: +228 90 125411; E-mail: bodjonabenoit@yahoo.fr; bodjonabassai@gmail.com

Abstract

The management of solid household wastes in Tsévié is the environmental concerns that the municipality faces on a daily basis. The aim of this study is to assess the amount of waste produced daily per resident in Tsévié and then to determine the socio-economic dynamics involved in the production of waste. A quantification campaign coupled with the socio-economic assessment are carried out. The households selected are chosen at random from different parts of the city and their number is defined on the basis of the size of the population so as to cover at least one hundredth of this population. The results obtained indicate that the ratios vary by neighborhood and by the lifestyle of population. These ratios range from 0.476 kg/hab/d to 0.587 kg/hab/d with an average of 0.54 0.10 kg/hab/d. The production of household wastes in the city of Tsévié is estimated at 13440 tonnes per year. For the other sectors, especially the central market and commercial structures, production is estimated at 744 tonnes and 149 tonnes of waste respectively per year. With an estimated annual waste production in the city of Tsévié of approximately 14,333 tonnes, urgent steps must be taken toward the efficient management of this waste.

Keywords

Scrap, Waste, Quantification, Household, Management.

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